An Overview of Black History

Compiled & Edited by Phillip True, Jr.

3. Human Migration

The first humans came from the region of the Great Lakes in East Africa, approximately 200,000 years ago. These small people were known as the Twa people (or Pygmies). These earliest humans migrated following the Nile River, north, south, east, and west, creating the first civilization. A noted German scholar, Herr Enger Georg states:

A splendid era of blacks seems to have preceded all later races.  There must once have been a tremendous Negro expansion, since the original masters of all the lands between Liberia and the Cape of Good Hope and East India were primitive and probably dwarfed black men.

Blacks were the dark skinned, curly haired Kushites. Blacks inhabited Sumeria and Babylon prior to Christianity and Islam. In India, the kingdom of the Dravidian monarchs existed until the period of written history. Many thousands of years before Christ, great, great cultures bloomed in the bark rich valleys of the Yang-tse-kiang, the Ho, Indus, Euphrates, Nile, and Congo rivers, while Oceania, Central America, and the highlands of the Andes were centers of human settlements.

A number of scientists and scholars in ancient and modern times have concluded that the world's first civilization was the creation of a people known as the Ethiopians. The name "Ethiopian" we owe to the Greeks. When they encountered the Africans, they called them "burnt faces."

In Greek, the word for burnt was ethios, and the word for face was opa. Together they became Ethiopian. We learn from the work of Homer and Herodotus that all of the people of the following areas were considered Ethiopians: the Sudan, Egypt, Arabia, Palestine, Western Asia, and India.

These black civilizations have been traced back to ancient Egypt, and have spread from the Nile to Crete and Western Asia, traveling through South Asia to Indonesia, and the islands of the Pacific and on to South and Central America, i.e., the Mayas, Incas, and Aztecs.

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