In Pursuit of George G. M. James'

Study of African Origins in "Western Civilization"

By Yosef A. A. ben-Jochannan


This point has been cited because of the philosophical concept that's fundamental to the beginning of JUDAEO-CHRISTIAN-ISLAMIC THEOSOPHY and GRAECO-ROMANO ["Western"] CIVILIZATION, all of which can be underscored as being from the teachings of Pharaoh Amenhotep IV of the XVIIth Dynasty, ca. 1370–1353 B.C.E., who is otherwise more popularly known as Akhenaten. In this regards the following from an "ARMANA PAPYRUS," attributed to Pharaoh Akhenaten, states:

When you set in the Western horizon of heaven
The world is in darkness like the dead
Every lion comes forward from his den
The serpents all sting, and darkness reigns.

Light falls over the earth when you rise in the horizon
The two lands are in daily festival
Then all over the world they do toil.

How fruitful are your works!
They are hidden from our presence.
Oh my only God, whose powers no other has.
You alone created the earth as you desired, and alone:
All that are upon the earth.

We now see the plagiarizm and distortion of this African's teaching in the following from what has been labeled "PSALM 104" in the Hebrew HOLY TORAH or OLD TESTAMENT, which has no existence before 700 B.C.E. when its FIRST BOOK/GENESIS, was published. Of course, I am copying the Old English usage of which most of us are familiar; thus:
Thou makest darkness and it is night,
Wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth;
The young lions roar after their prey; they seek their
meat from God...

The sun ariseth, they get them away
And lay them down in their dens.
Man goeth forth unto his work
And to his labour until the evening...

Oh Lord, how manifold are thy works!
In wisdom has thou made them all;
The earth is full of creatures.

I suggest an examination of Barbara Mertz' Temples, Tombs and Hieroglyphs: The Story of Egyptology, page 237, for an exciting evaluation of what is implied here between these two quotes. Mertz could only conclude that the Hebrew writers plagiarization of the Africans' work came from a "... literary tradition which flourished throughout the Near East..." that covered an extensive period of time. Of course the term "Near East," by itself, is nebulous actually citing not a solitary piece of specific geography. Yet this is typical of "Western Scholarship" in reference to contemporary African scholars, and moreso those of antiquity.

What I have just read for you came from the contents of a series of papyrae, one such named "THE HYMN OF ATON," etc.

Let me cite two more parallels in the same context supportive of the forgone. One of the basic tenets of Judaism's doctrines is found in the FIRST BOOK OF MOSES, which is equally called GENESIS. Thus from Chapter I, Verses 2627 the following:

And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. ... So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him.
Continuing the "creation of man" episode GENESIS, Chapter V, Verse 1 recites:
In the day God created man; in the likeness of God made he him. ...
GENESIS, Chapter 9, Verse 6, and CORINTHIAN, Chapter 11, Verse 7, etc., both deals with this "CREATION STORY" dating back to a work from the Xth Dynasty, ca. 3249 B.C.E., or OLD KINGDOM PERIOD, which was more than 1,574 years before the birth of the first Hebrew or JewABRAHAMin ca. 1775 B.C.E. For it is GOD RÉ, commonly refered by "Western Academicians" as the so-called "SUN GOD RÉ," whom the Nile Valley "MYSTERIES SYSTEM" taught first described "MAN" in said type of "CREATION"; thus:
They [meaning mankind] are his likeness who have come forth from his [RÉ] body.
In the XXVth Dynasty, cs. 729 B.C.E., the Ethiopian Period, other writings related to this were commonplace. As such Pharaoh Taharqa's sister, Shepenwepet, is described as being:
... the image of God Ré. ...
At this juncture the GOD of Egypt is also of the rest of the entire Nile Valleyfrom Uganda or Punt in the far south of Central Africa/Alkebu-lan all the way north to the Great Sea / Sea of Sais of Mediterranean that washes the northern coast of Egypt's boundary of North Africa, etc. Included between these two extreme points, of at least 4100 statue miles, were Itiopi or Ethiopia, Old Meröe or Meröwe, and Ta-Nehisi of Sudan, etc.

In my research, down through the past four [4] decades, I have only encountered one term for the philosophical and theosophical concept of the "DEITY" or "GOD" among the Nile Valley Africans of antiquity; that is:

I have also noted that the Haribu, or Jews, adopted this from their African teachers and attributed it to their DEITY or GOD they called "YWH" of "JEHOVAH," which we find in their BOOK OF ISAIAH, Chapter 31, Verse 11. I will quote from each acccording to its chronological order stated in my presentation; thus:
"He [God or Jehovah] shall feed his flock like a shepherd; "Hear the word of the Lord... He that scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him as a shepherd doth his flock' "For thus sayeth the Lord God; Behold, I, even I, will both search my sheep, and seek them out. As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep. ..."
Note that as far back into the FIRST INTERMEDIATE PERIOD, otherwise the XIthXIVth Dynasties, or ca. 21521675 B.C.E., the DEITY/GOD was addressed by the ancient Nile Valley Africans of Egypt and elsewhere as a "SHEPHERD." Thus it is we find the great scribe and most venerable sage, IPUWER, saying the following about God RÉ or AMEN-RÉ:
He is the Shepherd of everyone, in whose mind there is no evil. His herds are diminished, yet he has certainly spent the day caring for them.
We must remember that the entire human family is often said to be "THE NOBLE FLOCK." This is obvious in the following from the BOOK OF THE COMING FORTH BY DAY AND BY NIGHT.
Men, the noble flock of God [Ré of Amen-Ré] are well taken care of.
Even Barbera Mertz conceded this fact when she refered to the SUN HYMN OF RE as haveing the spoken words of RÉ; thus the ...
good shepherd who is tireless, capable and loving. ...
I am citing page 189 of her book, Temples, Tombs and Hieroglyphs: The story of Egyptology.

The extent of the cooptation and plagiarization of the Nile Valley Africans theosophical, theological and philosophical hypotheses by the ancient Haribu/Jews, and later the Greeks, et al, is best realized in reviewing the so-called "PROVERBS" attributed to certain jewish scribes, priests, kings, and others. Yet, we find most of them in the major works of an African genius named AMEN-EM-EOPE, which dates back to centuries before the authorship of the very first so-called "HEBREW PROVERBS" in the Holy Torah or Old Testament with its origin no earlier than ca. 700 B.C.E. Although I have already cited some of these comparative works in The Black Man of the Nile and his Family, pages 312𤭂, and in many of my other publications. I need just cite two such comparisons here; thus from PROVERBS, Chapter XXII, Verse 4:

Do not toil to become rich;
Cease from your plundering!
Do you eyes light upon it?
It is gone!
For riches make themselves wings,
Like an eagle in which flies to the sky.
The original in THE WISDOM OF AMEN-EM-EOPE recites the following:
Do not exert yourself to seek gain,
That your needs may be secure for you:
If riches are bought to you by robbery,
They will not spend the night with you;
At daybreak they are not in your house;
Their places can be seen, but they are not there!
They have made themselves wings like geese
And have flown towards the shy.
The Hebrews turned the "GEESE" into an "EAGLE"; another miracle by the Hebrew Deity Ywh! Quoting from another PROVERB, Chapter XXII, VERSE 24, we have:
Do not be friendly with a hot-tempered man
Nor go with a passionate man,
Lest you learn his ways,
And get a snare for yourself!
We find the original in THE WISDOM OF AMEN-EM-EOPE written thus:
Do not fraternize with the passionate man,
Nor go too near him for conversation...
Do not make him cast his speech to lasso you,
Nor be too free with your answer.
The Hebrews turned a "LASSO" into a "SNARE"; both having the same quality of entrapment.

If I may take leave of your patience for just one more example; this time from the BOOK OF PSALMS of the Hebrews, and specifically Chapter 104, Verse 20, which states;

Thou appointest darkness, that it may be night,
In which all the beasts of the forest prowl;
The young lions roaring for their prey,
To seek their food from God.
Lest us ignore the fact that the Hebrew PSALMIST who wrote this one did not realize that "ALL THE BEASTS OF THE FOREST" do not "PROWL" at night. But, let us examine how the original source was distorted from a HYMN OF AKHENATEN; thus:
When you do set in the western horizon,
      The earth is in darkness, liken to death.
Man sleep in a bed-chamber, their heads covered,
      One eye unable to see the other.
Were all their goods beneath their heads stolen,
      They would be unaware of it.
Every lion has comeforth from his lair;
      All the reptiles sting.
Darkness prevails, and the earth is in silence,
      Since he who created them rests in his horizon.
Colleagues, fellow faculty members of African Studies and Research Center, Cornell University, there could be no wiser manner to end this PAPER I have completed in honour of one of the Masters of our family, and a "giant" or "genius" in African History, Professor GEORGE G. M. James, but with the following from PSALMS, Chapter 104, Verse 24; thus:
How manifold are thy works, O Ywh!
      All of them thou hast made by wisdom,
The earth is full of thy creations.
In the original text by AKHENATEN [in praise of his God] I found a "HYMN TO ATEN" which was often quoted by Professor James; thus the following:
How numerous is that which you have created
      and hidden from view!
You, only God, there is no other like you.
      You did create the earth according to your
own will, being alone.
The "ONLY GOD" to which Akhenaten refered, ATEN, he mentioned as such even before the birth of the Hebrew Prophet MOSES in ca. 1346 B.C.E.; Akhenaten having been dead from ca. 1352 B.C.E. All of this In Pursuit of George G. M. James' Study of African Origins in "Western Civilization."
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