By Dr. Conrad W. Worrill (April 24, 2001)

The celebration of African Liberation Day (ALD) in the United States began in May of 1972 in Washington, D.C. More than 60,000 people participated in this historic event. Since the untimely assassination of Malcolm X in 1965, movement forces throughout the world have consistently commemorated his birthday, which is May 19th.

In 1973, ALD was decentralized and Chicago sponsored its first ALD celebration in May of that year. Since that time, we have celebrated ALD in various ways, with parades, rallies, and cultural programs.

During the month of May, African people around the world celebrate African Liberation Day and Malcolm X’s Birthday. In Chicago, the National Black United Front (NBUF) is sponsoring an African Liberation Day and Malcolm X Birthday Commemoration in honor of Baba Hannibal Afrik on Friday, May 18, 2001. This celebration will take place at Northeastern Illinois University’s Center for Inner City Studies located at 700 East Oakwood Boulevard. Doors open at 6:00 p.m. and the program will begin promptly at 7:00 p.m.

Baba Hannibal has played a leading role in the Reparations Movement since the founding of the National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America (N`COBRA). In this connection, Baba Hannibal has served as the National Co-chair of N`COBRA since 1995. His leadership has helped develop and expand N`COBRA’s role in the Reparations Movement in this country and internationally. This is Baba Hannibal’s final term as the National Co-chair of N`COBRA, and it is fitting that we honor his many contributions to the Reparations Movement and the African Liberation Movement in general.

In addition to the tribute, Baba Hannibal will present a lecture on the "Status of the Reparations Movement in America." This will be the fourth lecture in NBUF’s Reparation Lecture Series.

From the 1980’s through 1997, NBUF, Chicago Chapter sponsored ALD on the Westside where we marched down Madison Street and culminated with a rally and cultural programs in Garfield Park. These ALD events have been very successful and we have been honored to sponsor them. In recent years, we have moved the celebration to the Southside of Chicago and have changed the format of our festivities.

African Liberation Day has become an institution throughout the African world. It is a day when all people of African ancestry should come together. Whether you were born in Ghana, Nigeria, Liberia, Kenya, Ethiopia, South Africa, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Angola, Haiti, Jamaica, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Belize, Bahia, Canada, Cuba, Puerto Rico, or Chicago, as long as you are Black, you are an African, with a common heritage, and a common set of conditions.

As we prepare to participate in the upcoming weekend of events and activities, we must always remember the origin and development of African Liberation Day. Our ancestor, Kwamé Turé, explained, "ALD was founded by Kwamé Nkrumah on the occasion of the First Conference of Independent States held in Accra, Ghana and attended by eight independent states. The 15th of April was declared African Freedom Day to mark each year the onward process of the liberation movement, and to symbolize the determination of the people of Africa to free themselves from foreign domination and exploitation."

Further, the AAPRP (All-African People’s Revolutionary Party) points out that, "On the 25th of May 1963, 31 African heads of state convened a summit meeting to found the Organization of African Unity. They proclaimed May 25th as ALD and called for mass demonstrations and manifestations in every corner of Africa and the African Diaspora."

The idea of ALD has its origins in the long history of African people to break free of the yoke of European domination and white supremacy. This is a time in which we emphasize our oneness as a people with a common past, common set of problems, and a common future.

The capturing of millions of African people, who were placed in slavery and introduced into the Western Hemisphere as property and commodities, is the backdrop upon which we commemorate African Liberation Day.

It was the slave trade industry of the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth–centuries involving Britain, France, Portugal, Spain, and Germany that served as the foundation for these western powers and provided them the margin of profit in getting the greatest return off of their investment. The western world still seeks to keep Africa and African people worldwide in bondage, so they can continue to maximize the greatest return off of their initial investment.

After chattel slavery was abolished in England and the United States, the slave trade industry began to wind down. The former slave–trading nations found themselves no longer needing slaves, but yet stumbled upon the natural resources of Africa. They began to fight each other over the gold, diamonds, and other mineral resources they were discovering.

This resulted in the calling of the Berlin Conference in 1884, where the European powers united to divide the continent of Africa among themselves. It has been discussed, historically, that those who control Africa, control the world. Therefore, the Berlin Conference was a crowning blow in African history. The results of this conference led to the carving up of Africa so that France, Britain, Portugal, Spain, and Germany controlled separate territories throughout the continent. This became known as the colonial period in African history. The colonial period in Africa, just as the enslavement of African people captured and brought to North America, had a devastating impact on Africa and African people. It was not until the early 1950’s that the first African country gained political independence in the movement to reclaim Africa. That country was Ghana under the leadership of Kwamé Nkrumah who led the Ghanaian people in their fight against British colonialism.

I will continue the discussion of the origin and development of African Liberation Day in my next column, as well as the significance of commemorating Malcolm X’s birthday as we prepare to participate in the United Nations World Conference Against Racism that will be held in Durban, South Africa from August 31st through September 7, 2001. Stay tuned!

National Chairman
National Black United Front (NBUF)

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